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Contributors

David H. Adams, M.D. [39]
Marie-Jos´ee and Henry R. Kravis Professor of
Cardiothoracic Surgery
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Chairman, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Mount Sinai Medical Center
New York, New York

Arvind K. Agnihotri, M.D. [26]
Instructor in Surgery
Division of Cardiac Surgery
Department of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

Cary W. Akins, M.D. [23]
Clinical Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Cardiac Surgical Unit
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Michelle A. Albert, M.D. [8]
Instructor in Medicine
Cardiovascular Division
Brigham and Women?s Hospital
Department of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

Curtis A. Anderson, M.D. [46]
Research Fellow in Cardiac Surgery
Brigham and Women?s Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Robert H. Anderson, M.D. [2]
Professor
Institute of Child Health and Great Ormond Street Hospital
for Children
University College London
London, England

William A. Baumgartner, M.D. [60]
Cardiac Surgeon-in-Charge
Professor of Surgery
Department of Cardiac Surgery
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Joseph E. Bavaria, M.D. [51]
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Department of Surgery
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Brian T. Bethea, M.D. [60]
Fellow in Cardiothoracic Surgery
Department of Cardiac Surgery
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Steven F. Bolling, M.D. [64]
Professor of Surgery
Section of Cardiac Surgery
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan

John G. Byrne, M.D. [42]
Associate Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Division of Cardiac Surgery
Brigham and Women?s Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Albert T. Cheung, M.D. [9]
Associate Professor of Anesthesia
Department of Anesthesia
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

W. Randolph Chitwood, Jr., M.D. [44]
Professor and Chairman
Department of Surgery
Brody School of Medicine
East Carolina University
Greenville, North Carolina

Albert J. Chong, M.D. [34]
Surgical Research Fellow
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri

George T. Christakis, M.D. [32]
Associate Professor
Division of Cardiac Surgery
Sunnybrook and Women?s College Health Sciences Center
University of Toronto
Toronto, Ontario
Canada

Nimesh D. Desai, M.D. [32]
Cardiac Surgery Resident
Division of Cardiac Surgery
Sunnybrook and Women?s College Health Sciences Center
University of Toronto
Toronto, Ontario
Canada

Todd M. Dewey, M.D. [22]
Cardiopulmonary Research Science and Technology
Institute (CRISTI)
Dallas, Texas

Verdi J. DiSesa, M.D. [43]
Chief, Section of Cardiac Surgery
The Chester County Hospital
West Chester, Pennsylvania

John R. Doty, M.D. [35]
Chief Resident
Division of Cardiac Surgery
The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland

Donald B. Doty, M.D. [35]
Chief, Department of Surgery
LDS Hospital
Salt Lake City, Utah

L. Henry Edmunds, Jr., M.D. [11, 28]
Julian Johnson Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Laurence M. Epstein, M.D. [52]
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Chief, Arrhythmia Service
Director, Electrophysiology and Pacing Laboratory
Division of Cardiology
Brigham and Women?s Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

James I. Fann, M.D. [36]
Assistant Professor
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Stanford University Medical Center
Stanford, California
Cardiac Surgery Section
VA Palo Alto Health Care System
Palo Alto, California

Suellen P. Ferraris, Ph.D. [6]
Research Assistant Professor
Department of Surgery
University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center
Lexington, Kentucky

Timothy J. Gardner, M.D. [21]
William Maul Measey Professor and Chief
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Department of Surgery
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Bernard J. Gersh, M.B., Ch.B., D. Phil. [19]
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Medical School
Rochester, Minnesota

A. Marc Gillinov, M.D. [37]
Staff Surgeon
Surgical Director of the Center for Atrial Fibrillation
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
The Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Cleveland, Ohio

Thomas G. Gleason, M.D. [51]
Cardiac Surgery Fellow
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Department of Surgery
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Donald D. Glower, M.D. [29]
Professor of Surgery
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

Jeffey P. Gold, M.D. [18]
Professor and Chair
Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Montefiore Medical Center
New York, New York

Joseph H. Gorman, III, M.D. [28]
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Robert C. Gorman, M.D. [28]
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

G. Randall Green, M.D. [45]
Fellow, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
University of Virginia Health Sciences Center
Charlottesville, Virginia

Randall B. Griepp, M.D. [47]
Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York

Stuart W. Jamieson, M.B., F.R.C.S. [16]
Professor of Surgery
Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
University of San Diego Medical Center
San Diego, California

Ruyun Jin, M.D. [7]
Postdoctoral Fellow, Medical Data Research Center
Providence Health System
Portland, Oregon

Ralph A. Kelly, M.D. [27]
Vice President, Clinical Research
Genzyme Corporation
Framingham, Massachusetts

Karl H. Krieger, M.D. [12]
Professor and Vice-Chairman
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
New York, New York

Irving L. Kron, M.D. [45]
Professor and Chairman
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
University of Virginia Health Sciences Center
Charlottesville, Virginia

Eugene L. Kukuy, M.D. [62]
Cardiothoracic Surgery Post-Doctorate
Research Fellow
Clinical Pacemaker FellowColumbia University
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Department of Surgery
New York Presbyterian Hospital
New York, New York

Hillel Laks, M.D. [56]
Professor and Chief
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Department of Surgery
David Geffen School of Medicine
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California

Robert D. Lasley, Ph.D. [14]
Professor
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center
Lexington, Kentucky

Martin LeBoutillier III, M.D. [43]
AttendingStaf f
Section of Cardiac Surgery
The Chester County Hospital
West Chester, Pennsylvania

Daniel Marelli, M.D. [56]
Assistant Professor
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Department of Surgery
David Geffen School of Medicine
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California

Dale H. Marsh, M.D. [41]
Surgical Resident
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota

Manu M. Mathur, M.D. [47]
Consultant Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Royal North Shore Hospital
Sydney
Australia

John E. Mayer, Jr., M.D. [65]
Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Senior Associate in Cardiac Surgery
Children?s Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Patrick M. McCarthy, M.D. [17]
Surgical Director, Kaufman Center for
Heart Failure
Program Director, Heart Transplantation
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
The Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Cleveland, Ohio

Philippe Menasche, M.D., Ph.D. [11]
Professor of Cardiac Surgery
H? opital Europ´een Georges Pompidou
Assistance Publique- H? opitaux de Paris and
University of Paris
Paris
France

Robert M. Mentzer, Jr., M.D. [14]
Frank C. Spencer Professor and Chairman
Department of Surgery
Professor of Physiology
Director of the UK Transplant Center
University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center
Lexington, Kentucky

Lynda L. Mickleborough, M.D. [54]
Professor of Cardiac Surgery
University of Toronto
University Health Network
Toronto, Ontario
Canada

Timothy J. Myers, B.S. [63]
Manager, Clinical Research and Regulatory Affairs
Cardiovascular Research Laboratories
Texas Heart Institute at St. Luke?s Episcopal Hospital
Houston, Texas

Yoshifumi Naka, M.D., Ph.D. [62]
Herbert IrvingAssistant Professor of Surgery
Director, Mechanical Circulatory Support
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Department of Surgery
New York Presbyterian Hospital
New York, New York

L. Wiley Nifong, M.D. [44]
Assistant Professor
Department of Surgery
Brody School of Medicine
East Carolina University
Greenville, North Carolina

Jonah Odim, M.D., Ph.D. [56]
Assistant Professor
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Department of Surgery
David Geffen School of Medicine
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California

Mehmet C. Oz, M.D. [24]
Professor of Surgery
Director, Cardiovascular Institute
Vice Chairman, Department of Surgery
Columbia University College of Physicans
and Surgeons
New York, New York

Robert F. Padera, Jr., M.D., Ph.D. [5]
Resident in Pathology
Brigham and Women?s Hospital
Clinical Fellow in Pathology
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

Subroto Paul, M.D. [30]
Surgical Research Fellow
Brigham and Women?s Hospital
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

Bradley J. Phillips, M.D. [42]
Research Fellow
Division of Cardiac Surgery
Brigham and Women?s Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

S. Dinakar Satti, M.D. [52]
Instructor in Medicine
Harvard Medical School
AttendingPhysician, Division of Cardiology
Brigham and Women?s Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Joseph S. Savino, M.D. [9]
Associate Professor of Anesthesia
Section Chief, Cardiovascular Thoracic Anesthesia and
Intensive Care
Department of Anesthesia
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Hartzell V. Schaff, M.D. [41]
Stuart W. Harrington Professor of Surgery
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota

Frederick J. Schoen, M.D., Ph.D. [5]
Professor of Pathology
Harvard Medical School
Executive Vice Chairman and Director, Cardiac Pathology
Department of Pathology
Brigham and Women?s Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Frank W. Sellke, M.D. [27]
Johnson & Johnson Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts

Nyma A. Shah, B.S. [63]
Research Coordinator
Cardiovascular Research Laboratories
Texas Heart Institute at St. Luke?s Episcopal Hospital
Houston, Texas

Richard J. Shemin, M.D. [40]
Professor and Chairman
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Boston University School of Medicine
Vice Chairman, Division of Surgery
Chief of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Co-director Cardiovascular Center
Boston Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts

Stanton K. Shernan, M.D. [10]
Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
Harvard Medical School
Director of Cardiac Anesthesiology
Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and
Pain Medicine
Brigham and Women?s Hospital

David F. Torchiana, M.D. [57]
Chief, Division of Cardiac Surgery
Department of Surgery
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Marko I. Turina, M.D. [13]
Head of Cardiac Surgery and Professor of Surgery
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery
University Hospital Zurich
Zurich
Switzerland

Thomas J. Vander Salm, M.D. [15]
Professor of Surgery
UMASS Memorial Medical Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Edward D. Verrier, M.D. [34]
Vice Chairman, Department of Surgery
William K. Edmark Professor of Cardiovascular Surgery
Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
The University of Washington
Seattle, Washington

Venkataramana Vijay, M.D. [18]
Assistant Professor
Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Montefiore Medical Center
New York, New York

Jakob Vinten-Johansen, Ph.D. [3]
Professor
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Associate Professor
Department of Physiology
Director, Cardiothoracic Research Laboratory
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

Mark P. Anstadt, M.D. [16]
Interim Chief and Program Director
Cardiothoracic Surgery
Medical College of Georgia
Augusta, Georgia

Elliott M. Antman, M.D. [8]
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Director of the Samuel A. Levine Cardiac Unit
Cardiovascular Division
Brigham and Women?s Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Sary Aranki, M.D. [38]
Associate Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Division of Cardiac Surgery
Brigham and Women?s Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Vinay Badhwar, M.D. [64]
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of South Florida
Director, Heart Failure Program
Northside Heart Institute
St. Petersburg, Florida

James M. Bailey, M.D., Ph.D. [4]
Associate Professor
Director, Critical Care Service
Department of Anesthesiology
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

Leora B. Balsam, M.D. [61]
Research Fellow
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California

Lawrence H. Cohn, M.D. [30, 38, 42, 46]
Virginia and James Hubbard Professor of
Cardiac Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Chief, Division of Cardiac Surgery
Brigham and Women?s Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Robert W. Colman, M.D. [11]
Professor of Medicine
Temple University School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

John V. Conte, M.D. [60]
Associate Professor of Surgery
Department of Cardiac Surgery
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Joseph S. Coselli, M.D. [48]
Professor and Chief
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas
Delos M. Cosgrove, III, M.D.
Chairman
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
The Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Cleveland, Ohio

Delos M. Cosgrove, III, M.D. [37]
Chairman Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
The Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Cleveland, Ohio

James L. Cox, M.D. [53]
Chairman and CEO
The World Heart Foundation
Washington, DC

Willard M. Daggett, Jr., M.D. [26]
Professor of Surgery
Division of Cardiac Surgery
Department of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

Tirone E. David, M.D. [31, 33]
Head, Division of Cardiovascular Surgery
Melanie Munk Chair of Cardiovascular Surgery
Professor of Surgery
University of Toronto
Toronto, Ontario
Canada

William J. DeBois, M.B.A., C.C.P. [12]
Chief Perfusionist
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
New York, New York

Victor A. Ferraris, M.D., Ph.D. [6]
Tyler Gill Professor and Chief
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center
Lexington, Kentucky

Farzan Filsoufi, M.D. [39]
Assistant Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Director, Cardiac Valve Center
Mount Sinai Medical Center
New York, New York

Thomas F. Floyd, M.D. [9]
Assistant Professor of Anesthesia
Department of Anesthesia
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Vladimir Formanek, M.D. [10]
Instructor in Anesthesiology
Harvard Medical School
Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and
Pain Medicine
Brigham and Women?s Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

John A. Fox, M.D. [10]
Instructor in Anesthesiology
Harvard Medical School
Director of Intraoperative Echocardiography
Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and
Pain Medicine
Brigham and Women?s Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

O. H. Frazier, M.D. [63]
Co-Director
Cardiovascular Research Laboratories
Chief, Cardiopulmonary Transplant Service
Texas Heart Institute at St. Luke?s Episcopal Hospital
Houston, Texas

Andrew Friedrich, M.D. [10]
Instructor in Anesthesiology
Harvard Medical School
Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and
Pain Medicine
Brigham and Women?s Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

James S. Gammie, M.D. [15]
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of Maryland Medical Center
Baltimore, Maryland

Bartley P. Griffith, M.D. [59]
Professor of Surgery
Chief, Division of Cardiac Surgery
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Gary Grunkemeier, Ph.D. [7]
Director, Medical Data Research Center
Providence Health System
Portland, Oregon

Tomas Gudbjartsson, M.D. [38]
Cardiac Surgical Fellow
Department of Cardiac Surgery
Brigham and Women?s Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Robert A. Guyton, M.D. [3]
Professor and Chief of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

John W. Hammon, Jr., M.D. [11]
Professor of Surgery
Bowman Gray School of Medicine
Wake Forest University
Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Craig R. Hampton, M.D. [34]
Senior Research Fellow
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Department of Surgery
The University of Washington
Seattle, Washington

Eugene A. Hessel II, M.D. [11]
Professor of Anesthesiology and Surgery (Cardiothoracic)
Director, Cardiothoracic Anesthesia
Department of Anesthesiology
University of Kentucky Medical Center
Lexington, Kentucky

Neil B. Ingels, Jr., Ph.D. [36]
Head, Laboratory of Cardiovascular Physiology
and Biophysics
Research Institute of the Palo Alto Medical Foundation
Palo Alto, California

O. Wayne Isom, M.D. [12]
Professor and Chairman
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
New York, New York

M. Salik Jahania, M.D. [14]
Assistant Professor
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center
Lexington, Kentucky

Leonard Y. Lee, M.D. [12]
Assistant Professor
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
New York, New York

Daniel C. Lee, M.D. [24]
Research Fellow
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Department of Surgery
Columbia University College of Physicans
and Surgeons
New York, New York

Jerrold H. Levy, M.D. [4]
Professor and Chairman for Research
Department of Anesthesiology
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

James E. Lowe, M.D. [16, 29]
Professor of Surgery
Division of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

Bruce W. Lytle, M.D. [25]
Surgeon
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
The Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Cleveland, Ohio

Michael J. Mack, M.D. [22]
Cardiopulmonary Research Science and Technology
Institute (CRISTI)
Dallas, Texas

Michael M. Madani, M.D. [50]
Assistant Clinical Professor of Surgery
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
University of San Diego Medical Center
San Diego, California

Joren C. Madsen, M.D. [26]
Associate Professor of Surgery
Division of Cardiac Surgery
Department of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

Abeel A. Mangi, M.D. [57]
Surgical Resident
Department of Surgery
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Tomislav Mihaljevic, M.D. [30]
Associate Cardiac Surgeon
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Division of Cardiac Surgery
Brigham and Women?s Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Michael R. Mill, M.D. [2]
Professor of Surgery
Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
University of North Carolina School of Medicine
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

D. Craig Miller, M.D. [36]
Thelma and Henry Doelger Professor of
Cardiovascular Surgery
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Stanford University Medical School
Stanford, California

R. Scott Mitchell, M.D. [49]
Professor of Cardiovascular Surgery
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Stanford University Medical School
Stanford, California

Nader Moazami, M.D. [17]
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Director of Cardiac Transplantation
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri

Susan D. Moffatt, M.D., Ph.D. [49]
Fellow in Cardiovascular Surgery
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Stanford University Medical School
Stanford, California

Ashby C. Moncure, M.D. [23]
Clinical Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Vascular Surgical Unit
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Paulo L. Moreno, M.D. [48]
Cardiovascular Surgeon
Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul
Porto Alegre
Brazil

Jeff Myers, M.D. [56]
Clinical Instructor
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Department of Surgery
David Geffen School of Medicine
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California


Mark Plunkett, M.D. [56]
Assistant Professor
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Department of Surgery
David Geffen School of Medicine
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California

Robert S. Poston, M.D. [59]
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Rene Pretre, M.D. [13]
Professor of Surgery
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery
University Hospital Zurich
Zurich, Switzerland

Michael J. Reardon, M.D. [58]
Professor of Surgery
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas

Bruce A. Reitz, M.D. [61]
The Norman E. Shumway Professor and Chairman
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California

Robert J. Rizzo, M.D. [46]
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Division of Cardiac Surgery
Brigham and Women?s Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Robert C. Robbins, M.D. [61]
Associate Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California

Marc Ruel, M.D., M.P.H. [27]
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of Ottawa
AttendingCar diac Surgeon
University of Ottawa Heart Institute
Ottawa, Ontario
Canada

Rawn Salenger, M.D. [15]
Resident
Cardiothoracic Surgery
UMASS Memorial Medical Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Hugh C. Smith, M.D. [19]
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Medical School
Rochester, Minnesota

W. Roy Smythe, M.D. [58]
Assistant Professor of Thoracic and
Cardiovascular Surgery
The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas

David Spielvogel, M.D. [47]
Assistant Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York

Henry M. Spotnitz, M.D. [55]
George H. Humphreys II Professor of Surgery
Vice-Chair, Research and Information Systems
Cardiothoracic Surgery Division
Department of Surgery
Columbia University College of Physicans and Surgeons
New York, New York

Larry W. Stephenson, M.D. [1]
Ford-Webber Professor of Surgery
Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Wayne State University School of Medicine
Detroit, Michigan

Thoralf M. Sundt III, M.D. [19]
Associate Professor of Surgery
Mayo Medical School
Rochester, Minnesota

Fraser W.H. Sutherland, M.A., F.R.C.S. (Eng.) [65]
Research Fellow in Cardiac Surgery
Harvard Medical School and Children?s Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts
Specialist Registrar in Cardiothoracic Surgery
The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh
United Kingdom

Kenichi A. Tanaka, M.D. [4]
Assistant Professor
Department of Anesthesiology
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

Windsor Ting, M.D. [24]
Assistant Professor
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Department of Surgery
Columbia University College of Physicans and Surgeons
New York, New York

Andrew Wechsler, M.D. [30]
Stanley K. Brockman Professor and Chairman
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine and Surgery
Drexel University College of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Benson R. Wilcox, M.D. [2]
Professor of Surgery
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
University of North Carolina School of Medicine
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

James T. Willerson, M.D. [20]
President
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Medical Director
Texas Heart Institute
Chief of Cardiology
St. Luke?s Episcopal Hospital and Texas Heart Institute
Houston, Texas

Y. Joseph Woo, M.D. [21]
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Department of Surgery
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

David D. Yuh, M.D. [60. 61]
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Department of Cardiac Surgery
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Zhi-Qing Zhao, M.D., Ph.D. [3]
Assistant Professor
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia


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